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Anal Cancer and Hemorrhoids are very different in conditions, but anal cancer can cause hemorrhoid due to prolonged sitting and straining when trying to have a  bowel movement due to constipation or severe diarrhea. Hemorrhoids also called as piles are dilated and engorged rectal veins that bleed spontaneously. Anal cancer also called rectal cancer is an abnormal growth of the cancerous cell in the anus which may spread to other parts of the body.

Hemorrhoids

Causes Of Hemorrhoids
  • Excessive straining during stool.
  • Chronic constipation.
  • Excessive intake of spicy food.
  • As the person strains repeatedly to pass hard stools there is an increased pressure in anus along with the friction produced by hard stools which cause inflammation and swelling of veins.
Symptoms Of Hemorrhoid
  • Constricting and pricking pain during and after stool.
  • Burning at the anal orifice.
  • Fresh blood drops after passing stool and bright red blood on toilet tissue.
  • Chronic constipation.
  • Lymph node swelling and abnormal discharge from the anus is not seen.
  • Fluctuant venous swelling.
  • Normal appetite.
  • Weight will be maintained.

Treatment for Hemorrhoids

  • Lifestyle modifications.
  • Laxatives.
  • Altering eating habits such as fast food.
  • Increasing fiber and fluid intake.
  • Avoid the sedentary lifestyle and get some exercise to strengthen anal muscles if it still persists one may opt for surgery.

Anal cancer

Causes Of Anal Cancer
  • The most common cause is human papillomavirus and is seen in persons having multiple sexual partners or being passive partners while having anal sex.
  • Uncontrolled and uncoordinated abnormal growth of squamous cells leads to squamous cell anal cancer.
Symptom Of Anal Cancer
  • Bleeding.
  • Change in stool consistency.
  • The detectable growth of cells in the anus.
  • May have constipation or diarrhea.
  • Lymph node swelling and abnormal  discharge from the anus is a common feature.
  • A hard growth that is within or surrounding the anus.
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Weight loss and profuse weakness.

Treatment for Anal Cancer

  • Fine needle aspiration biopsy of growth will suggest grading and type of growth.
  • Surgery for tumor removal and radiation and chemotherapy following to kill the remaining cancerous cell.
  • Avoid multiple partners to avoid HPV infection.