Colonoscopy is a process of examining the colon and abdominal area by inserting a fiber optic scope with a video camera through the rectum. Colonoscopy treatment is used to treat abnormalities in the colon. If the doctor is trained to perform this examination you feel little to no pain. This test is not only for diagnosing colon cancer but also for other disorders related to the colon, rectum and digestive system. Some of the few benefits of colonoscopies are given below:
The safest method of diagnosing colon cancer is using the process of colonoscopy. Colonoscopy is the effective option for detecting early because this test is capable of tracing cancer that can quickly spread and become life-threatening.
Most of the cases, development of colon cancer begins with the polyp. These small collections of cells form on the lining of the colon. They can vary in shape and size. They are usually benign and harmless, but some will grow, becoming cancerous and very dangerous. You will not know polyps are present in your colon because they do not cause any pain or inflammation. Polyps are fleshy tumors that if not removed immediately can turn cancerous in the later stages. If the doctor finds any suspicious polyp, it can be removed using the simple process.
Colonoscopy helps to detect problems in the intestine. The inner walls of intestine can’t be accessed without a colonoscopy. Sometimes it can get infected and develop a disease called diverticulosis which can cause other issues like proper digestion and unbreakable pain. This method can diagnose the issue and can take treatment right away.
How to know when to get the colonoscopy. Keep an eye on the below symptoms as an indicator
- Abnormal weight loss
- Loss of appetite
- Undetected pain in the abdomen
- Blood loss especially in the feces
How long does colonoscopy take?
Colonoscopy should take about 30 minutes. It takes 12 minutes to get into the scope of 5 or 6 feet and 12 minutes or so to take it out. Then if polyps need to be removed, it will take longer depending on the number and size of polyps.
Risks associated with having Colonoscopy
Colonoscopy is a safe procedure, however, there are some risks associated with the procedure and with the sedation used. If you feel any severe abdominal pain, fever or rectal bleeding after colonoscopy you should contact your doctor. The major two complications associated with colonoscopy are Perforation and bleeding. Perforation is a tear through the wall of bowel that may allow leakage of intestinal fluids. Perforation of the small intestine or large intestine is a serious and potentially fatal complication of inflammatory bowel disease. It is generally treated with hospitalization, antibiotics or surgery. There will be bleeding at the site of biopsy or polyp removal. In most cases, bleeding will stop without treatment or sometimes it can be controlled at the time of the procedure. Blood transfusion may be required to stop bleeding. There is also a risk of having a reaction to a sedative given during the exam. Most of the cases medications are available for this reaction. Complications of colonoscopy are rare, but it can be serious and life-threatening. So it is important to be aware of early signs that something might be wrong.
Rarely complications may occur which include:
- Adverse reaction to the sedative used during the examination
- Bleeding from the site where a tissue sample was taken or a polyp or other abnormal tissue was removed
- A tear/ perforation in the colon or rectum wall
- Abdominal pain is the most common side effect
- Feel nauseous and might even throw up.