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Hemorrhoids represent vascular structures or piles found in the region of the anal canal. The main purpose of hemorrhoids is to provide a form of cushion appropriate for stool control and bowel movement. However, inflamed or swollen hemorrhoids represent a disease that can either occur in the rectum or close to the outer region of the anus or the surrounding skin. Hemorrhoids that occur in the rectum are internal hemorrhoids while those found close to the anus are external hemorrhoids. 

Even though the exact cause of hemorrhoids is unknown, factors like diarrhea and constipation promote to the existence of the disorder. The condition also occurs more common among pregnant women. However, the disorder has no serious threats as concepts like lifestyle change and home treatments prove appropriate in dealing with the disorder. We have a complete guide on How to Get Rid of Hemorrhoids Fast? Causes, Symptoms & Treatments.

The Causes of Hemorrhoids.

The specific cause of the occurrence of hemorrhoids is unknown. Nonetheless, there are various factors related to increased chances of the occurrence of the condition in a patient. First, the experience of irregular and uncontrolled bowel habits like diarrhea or constipation promote the existence of the disease. Also, the lack of proper exercise and workout schedules combined with poor eating habits also contributes to the occurrence of hemorrhoids. You can also read Diverticular Disease – Symptoms, Causes and Treatments.

Excessive inter-abdominal pressure like the one experienced in prolonged straining also contribute to realized hemorrhoids. Pregnancy, for instance, includes a lot of inter-abdominal pressure that explains the high rate of hemorrhoids among pregnant women. Prolonged sitting and obesity also promote existence of hemorrhoids. Other causes of hemorrhoids include aging, genetics, and the lack of valves located in the hemorrhoid veins. 

The Signs and Symptoms of Hemorrhoids.

Hemorrhoids categorize either as internal or external among patients. However, many people suffering from the disorder have a combination of the two. At least 40% of recorded patients with the disorder, on the other hand, recorded to experiencing little if any significant symptoms.

External Hemorrhoids

External hemorrhoids occur around the skin in the anal region. Some of the symptoms associated with external hemorrhoids include:

  • Discomfort and pain around the anus.
  • Bleeding.
  • Swelling.
  • Irritation and swell build up around the anal region.
Internal Hemorrhoids

The internal hemorrhoids occur in the inner part of the rectum. Even though not visible, a person can detect the presence of the hemorrhoids if:

  • The patient experiences bleeding through bowel movements where the stool remains covered with blood. The patient, however, experiences no pain.
  • In different occasions the hemorrhoid surface from the rectum to the external anal opening. The process promotes irritation and pain. 
Thromboses hemorrhoids

In different cases, blood may ooze out of the external hemorrhoid to form a clot. Some symptoms of the disorder include:

  • Inflammation.
  • Severe pain.
  • Lump formation around the anal region.
  • Swelling. 

The Treatment of Hemorrhoids

Proper treatment and management of hemorrhoids can take on different approaches. The conservative method, for instance, promotes self treatment approaches like the observation of a proper diet while procedural treatment involves the use of chemotherapy or rubber-band litigation. 

Conservative Management Treatment

Conservative management treatment involves self-treatment approaches patients could implement in the comfort of their homes to reduce the occurrence of hemorrhoids. The incorporation of a diet rich in fiber, for instance, promotes easier digestion compared to a low fiber diet. Fiber supplements are also essential to treating and preventing the occurrence of hemorrhoids as the fiber content of a diet helps to improve the digestive system. With proper digestion, the body, in turn, reduces the strain placed on the hemorrhoids during bowel movement. 

Proper consumption of oral fluids also helps to prevent the occurrence of hemorrhoids. Oral fluids help to keep the body hydrated. The hydration is also important for the digestion process, which, in turn, promotes smooth bowel movements that do not involve excess strain. Rest and the intake of anti-inflammatory drugs also helps to reduce the occurrence of the disorder. The treatment of hemorrhoids also requires the patient to spend less time in the toilet to prevent strain in any situation. 

Patients also need to pass stool immediately they get the urge. Holding stool for long periods could promote to its dryness. Dry stool, in turn, is hard to pass out and may contribute to the occurrence of hemorrhoids. It is also vital to avoid long sitting periods, especially in the toilet. Excess sitting in the toilet puts a lot of pressure on the anal veins that could promote the existence of hemorrhoids. Therefore, it is important to spend as little time as possible in the toilet. 

Active participation in physical exercises and routines is also recommended for dealing with the disorder. Long periods without physical exercise contribute to increased pressure on veins. Increased pressure contributes to a lot of straining. Actively participating in various forms of physical exercise, however, not only prevents constipation but also reduces the pressure placed on veins. 

Physical exercises, on the other hand, also helps to reduce body weight that promotes proper digestion. Proper digestion is important in preventing diarrhea or constipation that inevitably reduce hemorrhoids. 

Procedural Management Treatment

Hemorrhoids can also get cured through the use of various office-based approaches. The rubber band litigation, for instance, is the procedure of using elastic bands on hemorrhoids. The placement of the rubber band high enough from the pectinate line prevents any intense pain through the process. The band, in turn, prevents blood flow to the hemorrhoid. The hemorrhoid then falls off in at least five days of application through withering. The cure rate realized through the procedure is high despite few cases of complication.

Surgery

Surgery for hemorrhoids is effective only when other forms of treatment completely fail in dealing with the disorder. Some of the surgical processes involved include excision hemorrhiodectomy only applicable in severe cases. Other approaches like doppier-guided and stapled hemorrhoidectomy involve minor operations that deal with the intermediate and mild cases of the disease.

Hemorrhoid disorder is a disease affecting the anal region. The disorder is common among many people. Even though its main cause remains unknown, some causes include pregnancy, obesity, consumption of low-fiber diets, and constipation or diarrhea. The disorder is manageable through the incorporation of a high fiber diet and proper exercise. In more serious cases of the disorder, the use of the rubber-band ligation or surgery can prove effective in dealing with hemorrhoids.